William Walter Kay: Ecofascism Revisited
What follows is a condensation and critique of Biehl and Staudenmaier’s Ecofascism Revisited (2011).
[...] Goring was one of the greenest Nazis. In 1933 he demanded and received control over forests and hunting and quickly became a champion of both. He expanded forests in Germany and points east. In his disputes with Darre over the farmland-wilderness divide, Goring was the greener. He was the driving force behind the 1935 Nature Protection Law. He was an animal rights fanatic. He spent inordinate resources re-introducing wild species. He was obsessed with the Schorfheide Nature Reserve, which overlay his estate and grew to encompass 300 square miles.
This erroneous description of Goring probably relates to Staudenmaier’s Nazi “green wing” doctrine. This problem reduces down to a question of avian anatomy.
Hitler, Himmler, Hess, Rosenberg, Darre, Siefert, and Todt were feathers in the green wing. If Goring is added to this list, it becomes obvious we are not examining this bird’s wing; we are examining its green head.
Throughout the Third Reich “greens” comprised a majority of the Fuhrer’s inner circle. At all times “greens” controlled over half the Reich budget. The Third Reich is an exemplar of green governance.
Circa 1941, from Moscow’s gates to Dover’s cliffs, from Norway’s northern fjords to Sicily’s southern shores, Europa groaned beneath fascist dictators. Several million Europeans brandished fascist party membership cards. Five years later – not so many. Nonetheless, a political movement of this scale disappears neither quickly nor quietly. Western Europe witnessed neither a great purge of fascists nor a long overdue attainder of fascism’s social base.
Thus, under cover of the Cold War fog, the fascist movement reconstituted itself, albeit bowed and broken. The main fracture separated a minority addicted to pre-1945 symbols and rhetoric (swastikas, crude anti-Semitism, etc.) from a majority advocating a major makeover. Mainstream neo-fascism became environmentalism.
Circa 1941 anyone actively opposing the “Jewish world conspiracy” was a fascist. Circa 2013 anyone actively opposing the “global ecological crisis” is a fascist. Big Lies give coherence and direction to quasi-religious armies of reason-resistant zombies. Over its meagre 140 pages, Ecofascism Revisited cries “ecological crisis” (or “environmental destruction” or “finishing off the planet”) over 40 times. The existence of this crisis is deemed “uncontestable.” The vast counter-movement of enviro-skeptics merits no mention.
Ecofascism Revisited is thus ecofascist propaganda. Espousal of anti-capitalism hardly rescues the book given that every fascist party in Europe espoused anti-capitalism. Nor is the book rescued by its exposure of the many nests of unreconstructed Nazis (vulgar racists, outspoken authoritarians, etc.) within the environmental movement, given that driving these ogres out of the movement has been a primary goal of the ‘Neo-fascist Internationale’ since 1946.