New Paper Finds Climate Change Benefits Chinese Agriculture

  • Date: 01/02/13
  • The Hockey Schtick

A paper published today in Global and Planetary Change predicts climate change will result in a significant increase of productivity for Chinese agriculture. According to the authors, “the annual impact of temperature on net crop revenue per hectare was positive,” and ”climate change may create a potential advantage for the development of Chinese agriculture, rather than a risk.” The paper adds to many other peer-reviewed publications demonstrating that warming increases agricultural productivity.

The impacts of Climate change on crops in China: A Ricardian analysis

 

  • a College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, P.R. China
  • b Research Center for Rural Economy, Ministry of Agriculture of China, Beijing 100810, P.R. China
  • c National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-3 Kan’non-dai, Tsukuba, 305–8604, Japan
  • d Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Tsukuba 305–8686, Japan
  • e Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Missouri-Columbia, MO 65211, USA

ABSTRACT

This paper assesses the impact of climate change on China’s agricultural production at a cross-provincial level using the Ricardian approach, incorporating a multilevel model with farm-level group data. The farm-level group data includes 13379 farm households, across 316 villages, distributed in 31 provinces. The empirical results show that, firstly, the marginal effects and elasticities of net crop revenue per hectare with respect to climate factors indicated that the annual impact of temperature on net crop revenue per hectare was positive, and the effect of increased precipitation was negative when looking at the national totals; secondly,the total impact of simulated climate change scenarios on net crop revenues per hectare at a Chinese national total level, was an increase of between 79 USD per hectare and 207 USD per hectare for the 2050s, and an increase from 140 USD per hectare to 355 USD per hectare for the 2080s. As a result, climate change may create a potential advantage for the development of Chinese agriculture, rather than a risk, especially for agriculture in the provinces of the Northeast, Northwest and North regions. However, the increased precipitation can lead to a loss of net crop revenue per hectare, especially for the provinces of the Southwest, Northwest, North and Northeast regions.

The Hockey Schtick, 1 February 2013