New Paper: Arctic Temperatures Are Not Unusual, Unnatural, Or Unprecedented
A paper published today in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology reconstructs Arctic temperatures from shells collected from Iceland and demonstrates that temperatures have been warmer than the present over much of the past 500 years. The paper adds to many other peer-reviewed studies demonstrating that current Arctic temperatures are not unusual, unnatural, or unprecedented.
|Shell growth, a proxy for temperature, has been as high or higher than the present [end of record in the year 2000] during much of the past 500 years.
- a Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bussestr. 24, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
- b Institute of Geosciences, Earth System Science Research Center, University of Mainz, Johann-Joachim-Becher-Weg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
Pronounced decadal climate oscillations are detected in a multi-centennial record based on shell growth rates of the marine bivalve mollusk, Arctica islandica, from Iceland. The corresponding analysis of patterns in sea level pressure and temperature exhibit large-scale teleconnections with North Atlantic climate quantities. We find that the record projects onto blocking situations in the northern North Atlantic. The associated circulation shows a low-pressure signature over Greenland and the Labrador Sea and a high-pressure system over Western Europe associated with northeasterly flow towards Iceland and weakening in the westerly zonal flow over Europe. It can be speculated that such circulation affects food availability controlling shell growth. On multidecadal time scales, the record shows a pronounced variability linked to North Atlantic temperature. In our record, we find enhanced variability of the shell growth rates on multidecadal time scales, and it appears that this oscillation has high amplitudes in the 16th to 18th century also consistent with marine alkenone data. It is conceivable that these climate oscillations, also linked to sea ice export and enhanced blocking, are a more pronounced feature during times when the climate was relatively cold.